Atripla consists of 3 different substances: Atripla, emtricitabine, and Atripla. It is taken alone or together with other HIV drugs to help monitor HIV infection. It allows reducing the amount of HIV in your organism so that your immune system starts working better. This minimizes your risk of getting health complications (for example, other infections or cancer) and makes your life better. The drug belongs to the group of medicines called non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NNRTIs). Emtricitabine and Atripla belong to the group of medicines called nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NRTIs).
Atripla can’t cure HIV. To reduce the risk of spreading HIV infection to others, stick to the following rules: (1) take all HIV drugs according to the doctor’s prescriptions, (2) always use an efficient contraceptive during sex, and (3) avoid sharing personal items (for example, needles, toothbrushes, etc.). If you have any questions, ask your doctor.
Atripla can be used to minimize the risk of getting HIV after contacting with the virus.
How to take Atripla?
Read carefully the drug leaflet before starting the treatment with Atripla/emtricitabine/Atripla.
Take Atripla orally without food, usually once a day before sleep. Taking the drug before sleep allows reducing some of the adverse effects.
Due to this combination, the drug has fixed doses of Atripla, emtricitabine, and Atripla, you must use it only if your doctor has judged that the doses of all 3 drug in Atripla are right for you.
It is essential to continue the treatment with Atripla (and other HIV drugs) according to the doctor’s prescriptions. Avoid missing the dose. Never exceed your dosage or stop the treatment without the doctor’s approval. Missing or changing your dose can increase cause the amount of virus, or make the adverse effects worse.
Atripla acts best when the amount of medicines in your body is maintained at a constant level. Therefore, you should take Atripla at the same time every day.
Possible adverse effects
There are some adverse effects that must be reported to your doctor. They include: allergic reactions, such as skin rash, or itching, face swelling, pain in the muscles, breathing problem, behavioral changes, such as strong depression, odd thoughts, suicidal thoughts or irritation, dark urine, influenza-like symptoms, hallucinations, change in the color of stools, lack of appetite, sickness, vomiting, indigestion or stomachache, urination difficulty or change in the amount of urine, weakness and jaundices. There are also some adverse effects that don’t require medical intervention (tell your doctor if they persist): diarrhea, sleeping problems, odd dreams, vertigo, headache, difficulty concentrating, rapid weight gain, thinning of face, etc.
Ask your physician or for regular follow-ups. Inform your doctor about any unusual symptoms. You’ll have to do numerous blood tests during the treatment. HIV infection can spread via sexual or blood contact. Ask your physician about how to stop the spread of infection. If you suffer from hepatitis, tell your doctor if you’re going to stop the treatment. The symptoms of diseases may get worse if you quit this drug. As this drug may avoid dizziness or drowsiness, you should avoid driving, operating heavy machinery, or engaging in any activity that requires high concentration until you know you reaction to the medication. Never stand or sit up suddenly (it especially applies to the older patients). This minimizes the risk of dizziness or blackouts. Avoid drinking alcohol and narcotic drugs during the treatment with this medication, as it can make these adverse effects worse. This drug can make contraceptive pills less effective. Ask your physician to prescribe you an extra method of contraception.